Bohemian Rhapsody – Queen
John Ehrlichman and Bob Halderman jailed. Interview with John Stonehouse
Idiot Wind – Bob Dylan
John Stonehouse and Sheila Buckley returned to Britain to face trial. Vietnamese war orphans arrive in Britain.
Born to Run – Bruce Springsteen
Industry Secretary Eric Varley puts government funds into British Chrysler. Vietnam War ends. People airlifted out of Vietnam.
SOS – Abba
South Vietnam formally surrenders to the Viet Cong. Arthur Ashe wins men’s singles title at Wimbledon. Ilie Nastase gets disqualified
Come Up and See Me Make Me Smile – Cockney Rebel
Cricket pitch vandalised by “Free George Davis” campaigners
Young Americans – David Bowie
Patty Hearst’s kidnappers arrested. Symbionese Liberation Army take hostages in Greenwich Village. John Lennon allowed to reside in the USA
Pick Up the Pieces – the Average White Band
Evel Knievel injured while attempting to jump over fifteen buses
Autobahn – Kraftwerk
IRA bomb pub near Caterham Army Barracks. Interview with barmaid Kitty Stone. Ross McWhirter shot dead by IRA
One of These Nights – the Eagles
Balcombe Street Siege. Edward Heath sacked by Conservative Party. Margaret Thatcher becomes new leader.
Lady Marmalade – LaBelle
Sex Discrimination Act passed. Interview with feminist campaigner Ruth Lister.
Stand By Your Man – Tammy Wynette
Fleet Street wine bar challenges Sex Discrimination Act
Remember – the Bay City Rollers
Bay City Rollers concerts disrupted by hysterical fans. Interviews with fans.
Bay City Rollers Are the Best – Bay City Rollers fans
No Woman No Cry – Bob Marley and the Wailers
Harold Wilson calls referendum on Britain’s membership of the Common Market. Interview with Anthony Wedgewood Benn. BBC News theme. Majority of British vote to remain in Common Market.
I’m Not in Love – 10cc
Assassination attempt on President Ford. Foreign Secretary Jim Callaghan flies to Uganda to prevent execution of British lecturer Denis Hills.
Dreamer – Supertramp
Apollo-Soyuz link-up. Laker Airways launch Skytrain
Rhiannon – Fleetwood Mac
Newsbeat interview with Alex Hughes, aka Judge Dread
Big Six – Judge Dread
Magic Roundabout – Jasper Carrott
Funky Gibbon – the Goodies
Jive Talkin’ – the Bee Gees
Third Cod War begins
Sailing – Rod Stewart
Chris Drake reports from Lebanese Civil War
Bohemian Rhapsody – Queen
Inflation in Britain
It was very clever the way that they used Bohemian Rhapsody to bookend this programme. Bohemian Rhapsody was really the climax of mid-seventies pop music.
This is the only programme in the series to feature the BBC New theme, when it was used for the referendum results. The biggest news story was the end of the Vietnam War. Other big news stories were the Apollo-Soyuz link-up, and Margaret Thatcher becoming Conservative Party leader.
There’s a good selection of records in this programme (although the Tammy Wynette song was recorded long before 1975, but it did get rereleased and got to number one that year). There are some innovative records, the Bee Gees brought disco music into the mainstream, Kraftwerk were pioneers of electronic music. David Bowie had a change of image and musical style. And of course it was the year of the Bay City Rollers. By the time this programme was repeated in 1981 No Woman No Cry had been in the charts again as a tribute to Bob Marley.
There was a trio of comedy records by Judge Dread, Jasper Carrot and the Goodies. Richard Skinner said it was going to be Radio 1’s only broadcast of Judge Dread’s Big Six, but it wasn’t because they repeated it on 25 Years of Rock.
So It Goes – Nick Lowe
Jimmy Carter runs for US president. Harold Wilson resigns as prime minister
If You Leave Me Now – Chicago
Jim Callaghan becomes prime minister. Denis Healey cancels visit to Hong Kong following country’s financial problems
Don’t Go Breaking My Heart – Elton John and Kiki Dee
Princess Margaret and Lord Snowden separate
Let’s Stick Together – Bryan Ferry
Jeremy Thorpe resigns as Liberal Party leader following scandal. Interview with Norman Scott. David Steele becomes new Liberal leader.
Livin’ Thing – Electric Light Orchestra
John Curry wins gold medal for ice skating at Winter Olympics. Southampton win FA Cup James Hunt wins World Drivers’ Championship
Convoy – CW McCall
Palestinian terrorists hijack plane in Uganda. Chaim Herzog addresses United Nations. Interview with Idi Amin.
Blinded By the Light – Manfred Mann’s Earth Band
Margaret Thatcher responds to journalists who described her as “The Iron Lady”.
Tonight’s the Night – Rod Stewart
New Rose – the Damned
Government job creation scheme. Interview with unemployed young man.
You Should Be Dancing – the Bee Gees
Ian Smith says there will be no black majority rule in Rhodesia. Black protesters shot by police in Soweto, South Africa. Nigeria boycotts Olympics. Nadia Comaneci wins three gold medals for gymnastics
Dancing Queen – Abba
Bjorn Borg wins Wimbledon men’s singles. Government passes drought bill as Britain has driest summer since records began
Sir Duke – Stevie Wonder
Viking 2 lands on Mars. USA celebrates its bicentenary. Queen visits the USA.
Bicentennial – Loudon Wainwright III
Jimmy Carter on peanut farming
Why Not the Best? – Oscar Brand
Gerald Ford runs for re-election
Show Me the Way – Peter Frampton
Jimmy Carter elected US president. Chairman Mao Zedong dies
More Than a Feeling – Boston
Women in Belfast start Peace Movement
Night Moves – Bob Seger and the Silver Bullet Band
Thirteen mercenaries tried in Luanda, Angola. Four of the mercenaries executed.
Love and Affection – Joan Armatrading
Howard Hughes dies. Interview with Ron Kessler.
Take It to the Limit – the Eagles
Richard Skinner interviews the Sex Pistols
Anarchy in the UK – the Sex Pistols
Sex Pistols swear on live television. Bill Grundy suspended. Bill Haley says punks are carrying things too far.
When this programme was first broadcast 1976 was the start of the current era. Margaret Thatcher was already Conservative Party leader, Jim Callaghan became Labour leader and prime minister, David Steele became the Liberal Party leader, and Jimmy Carter was elected President of the United States. And it was the start of the punk explosion, the last truly original youth cult and the most outrageous, which paved the way for the then current rock scene.
So It Goes wasn’t a big hit at the time, but it was the first record on Nick Lowe’s own Stiff Records label which would play an important part in the punk/new wave scene.
Convoy was almost a forgotten record by 1980, and I don’t think Loudon Wainwright’s response to the American bicentenary celebrations had been heard much in the UK. But much of the music in this programme consists of ‘safe’ acts such as Abba, Chicago, the Eagles, Elton John and Kiki Dee.
Rather incongruously New Rose by the Damned appears somewhere in the middle of the programme, but it should have been the second to last record. The programme ends with Radio 1’s interview with the Sex Pistols and the third record that changed everything forever.
Go Your Own Way – Fleetwood Mac
Jimmy Carter’s inauguration. Jimmy Carter visits Britain for G7 summit meeting
Rocking All Over the World – Status Quo
Delegates arrive at G7 summit meeting. Great Lakes blizzard
Hotel California – the Eagles
Gary Gilmore executed
Gary Gilmore’s Eyes – the Adverts
Interview with Johnny Rotten. Sex Pistols fired by EMI. Interviews with Sir John Reid and Malcolm McLaren.
EMI – the Sex Pistols
Sex Pistols fired by A&M
God Save the Queen – the Sex Pistols
John Peel defends God Save the Queen. Queen celebrates Silver Jubilee
Fanfare For the Common Man – Emerson, Lake and Palmer
Queen’s Jubilee walkabout
Heroes – David Bowie
Manchester United beat Liverpool in FA Cup Final. Liverpool win European Cup.
Night Fever – the Bee Gees
IRA bomb goes off in London disco. Black Muslim extremists take hostages as protest against film The Message
Short People – Randy Newman
Road Runner – Jonathan Richman and the Modern Lovers
Jimmy Carter urges Americans to cut down on fuel
2-4-6-8 Motorway – Tom Robinson Band
National Front march in London causes riot
White Riot – the Clash
Black people complain about police racism. Two senior police officers found guilty of accepting bribes from pornography dealers
Watching the Detectives – Elvis Costello
South African students arrested at protest over the death of Steve Biko. Interview with Alex Haley, author of Roots
Float On – the Floaters
I Feel Love – Donna Summer
Virginia Wade wins ladies’ singles title at Wimbledon
Lido Shuffle – Boz Scaggs
Victor the giraffe dies
Don’t Cry For Me Argentina – Julie Covington
Marc Bolan dies in car crash. Members of Lynard Skynard killed in plane crash. Elvis Presley dies
Way Down – Elvis Presley
Funeral of Elvis Presley
Sex and Drugs and Rock n Roll – Ian Dury and the Blockheads
EEC butter mountains. British Leyland workers calls for Day of Action
Get a Grip on Yourself – the Stranglers
Jim Callaghan and David Steele form Lib-Lab Pact. Firemen’s strike
I Can’t Get No Satisfaction – Devo
President Anwar Sadat of Egypt visits Israel. Tony Greig stripped of captaincy of England Cricket team. Interview with Tony Greig. Geoff Boycott scores one-hundredth century. Interview with Geoff Boycott.
Pretty Vacant – the Sex Pistols
Scotland win British Home Championship. Football hooligans invade pitch.
Mull of Kintyre – Wings
The programme begins with Fleetwood Mac and ends with Wings, so punk didn’t change everything. There is punk from the Clash, the Stranglers and the Adverts. (Surprisingly there are no interviews with punks, as they did with teddy boys, mods and rockers in the fifties and sixties programmes.) There was already new wave music coming out of the punk scene, with Ian Dury and Elvis Costello, and there are some rarities like Jonathan Richman’s Road Runner and Devo’s version of I Can’t Get No Satisfaction. Disco music was also popular.
But once again the highpoint of the programme is the Sex Pistols. God Save the Queen was banned by the BBC in 1977, but three years later it was included on 25 Years of Rock.
God Save the Queen leads neatly into the Queen’s Silver Jubilee, when everyone looked back at the fifties, sixties and seventies. When Jimmy Carter became president of the USA it was as much a breath of fresh air as President Kennedy’s presidency sixteen years earlier. 1977 was also the year of the skateboarding craze.
The news stories in these programmes aren’t played in chronological order. For example Elvis Presley (who I don’t think had even been mentioned since the 1961 programme) died in August 1977, Marc Bolan died in September, and the Lynard Skynard plane crash was in October, but in the radio programme they left Elvis Presley’s death until last because it was the biggest news story.
Rat Trap – the Boomtown Rats
Clip from Star Wars
Theme from Star Wars – John Williams
Star Wars premieres in Britain
War of the Worlds – Jeff Wayne (narrated by Richard Burton)
The neutron bomb
I Love the Sound of Breaking Glass – Nick Lowe
Leon Spinks beats Muhammed Ali in world heavyweight championship. Interview with Muhammed Ali.
Sultans of Swing – Dire Straits
Religious cult led by Rev Jim Jones commits mass suicide. California holds referendum on Proposition 13. Speech by Howard Jarvis.
Le Freak – Chic
California makes tax cuts after Proposition 13 goes through. Vox pops on quangos
Baker Street – Gerry Rafferty
Princess Margaret and Lord Snowden get divorced. Roddy Llewellyn makes a record.
Jilted John – Jilted John
If the Kids Are United – Sham 69
Nottingham Forrest win Football League. Argentina win World Cup. Willie Johnston sent home from World Cup, and banned from playing for Scotland after failing drug test. Michael Parkinson interviews Geoff Boycott. Steve Ovett wins gold medal at European Championships
You’re the One That I Want – John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
Interview with Olivia Newton-John
Roxanne – the Police
Oil tanker Amoco Cadiz runs aground in France. Vietnamese boat people arrive in Britain
I Don’t Want to Go to Chelsea – Elvis Costello
Jimmy Carter arranges for Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin to sign Camp David Accords
Mr Blue Sky – Electric Light Orchestra
Ambassador Andrew Young tells French newspaper that American jails have political prisoners.
Follow You Follow Me – Genesis
Muhammed Ali regains heavyweight title. Times newspaper strike
Miss You – the Rolling Stones
Pope Paul VI dies. Pope John Paul I elected.
By the Rivers of Babylon – Boney M
Pope John Paul I dies. Pope John Paul II elected.
Forever Young – Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan plays in London. Interviews with Bob Dylan and fans. Eric Idle in The Rutles: All You Need Is Cash
I Must Be In Love – the Rutles
Jim Callaghan announces he will not be calling an early election. Interviews with Margaret Thatcher and Denis Healey.
Denis – Blondie
Debbie Harry announces Radio 1’s new wavelength
Radio Radio – Elvis Costello
Elvis Costello announces Radio 1’s new wavelength. Newsbeat review of the year
Wuthering Heights – Kate Bush
Interview with Kate Bush. Interview with Sid Vicious. Sid Vicious charged with the murder of Nancy Spungen. Newsbeat interviews Father Abraham
The Smurf Song – Father Abraham and the Smurfs
Do You Think I’m Sexy? – Rod Stewart
Jeremy Thorpe charged with conspiracy to murder Norman Scott
YMCA – the Village People
Ian Smith makes Internal Settlement with African nationalist leaders Demonstrations against the Shah of Iran
Bat Out of Hell – Meat Loaf
It’s 1978 and punk’s not dead. Some punk groups, such as Sham 69, made their breakthrough after the main punk explosion. The programme begins with Rat Trap by the Boomtown Rats, but it should have been the last record as the first new wave record to get to number one actually topped the charts towards the end of the year. Other new wave acts who made their breakthrough in 1978 included Blondie and the Police.
As well as obvious classic pops songs like Wuthering Heights (which should have been the first record played) and Baker Street, there are some ephemeral records by Jilted John, the Rutles and the Smurfs.
One of the most memorable events of 1978 was the murder of the Italian prime minister Aldo Moro, but surprisingly that wasn’t included in the programme. Neither was the death of Keith Moon.
1978 is remembered as the year that we had three popes. We hear the news report about the election of Pope John Paul I, and then after the next record we hear the news of his death. This was also the year of the Camp David Agreement. And three years after the end of the Vietnam War the repercussions were still being felt.
Hit Me With Your Rhythm Stick – Ian Dury and the Blockheads
Winter of Discontent: Britain hit by industrial action
Brass in Pocket – the Pretenders
Jim Callaghan calls general election after vote of no confidence. Margaret Thatcher becomes prime minister
Oliver’s Army – Elvis Costello and the Attractions
Shah of Iran deposed. Ayatollah Khomeini takes over Iran.
Dance Away – Roxy Music
Dancin’ Fool – Frank Zappa
Interview with Frank Zappa
Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough – Michael Jackson
Radiation leak at Three Mile Island nuclear generating station. Interviews with residents.
The Logical Song – Supertramp
Lord Mountbatten murdered by IRA. Airey Neave murdered by INLA. Sid Vicious dies. Interview with Steve Jones and Paul Cook.
My Way – Sid Vicious
Anthony Blunt exposed as member of spy ring. Interview with Anthony Blunt. Jimmy Carter signs Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty
Pop Muzik – M
Pope John Paul II visits Poland, Ireland and USA.
Rapper’s Delight – the Sugarhill Gang
Ambassador Andrew Young resigns after meeting with PLO
We Don’t Talk Anymore – Cliff Richard
Interview with Cliff Richard
Video Killed the Radio Star – Buggles
Skylab returns to Earth
I Don’t Like Mondays – the Boomtown Rats
DC-10 crashes at O’Hare International Airport, Chicago. Federal Aviation Authority cancels all DC-10 flights.
Message in a Bottle – the Police
Interview with the Police
Walking on the Moon – the Police
Interview with Trevor Francis. Nottingham Forrest win European Cup. Interview with Brian Clough.
Lucky Number – Lene Lovich
Chas Smash Introduces… One Step Beyond – Madness
Teacher Blair Peach dies after National Front clash with Anti-Nazi League in Southall.
Eton Rifles – the Jam
Abel Muzorewa elected prime minister of Rhodesia. Jimmy Carter intend to stand for re-election
Gangsters – the Specials
Eleven fans killed at Who concert in Cincinnati, Ohio
Are Friends Electric? – Tubeway Army
Jeremy Thorpe found not guilty
Heart of Glass – Blondie
Interview with Debbie Harry. Police receive message from man claiming to be the Yorkshire Ripper
My Sharona – the Knack
Iranian students hold staff at American Embassy as hostages Soviet Union Invade Afghanistan
Ayatollah – Steve Dahl
Ayatollah Khomeini bans western pop music
Another Brick in the Wall – Pink Floyd
Various quotes from the past twenty-five years
Rock Around the Clock – Bill Haley and the Comets
(The selection of quotes and the reprise of Rock Around the Clock were omitted from the 1985 repeat.)
When this programme was first broadcast this was the music and events from last year.
It was the year that the new wave finally got into the mainstream, and most of the records featured are records which got into the upper reaches of the charts and are still well remembered.
Somewhat incongruously the second record played, Brass in Pocket by the Pretenders, was a number one hit early in 1980. (If the series had been made later Brass in Pocket would probably have been included in the 1980 programme.) Two-tone music was big in 1980, and this programme includes early hits by Madness and the Specials. So the last episode of 25 Years of Rock really was up to date with the current pop scene.
This the last programme in the series to feature cinema newsreel clips, British Movietone News stopped making them in 1979.
There are two stories that stand out. Firstly there’s the tape from a man claiming to be the Yorkshire Ripper. When Peter Sutcliffe was caught it turned out that the message was a hoax. And the other story is Anthony Blunt being exposed as a spy. In the first programme there was a clip of Kim Philby denying that he was part of the same spy ring, so the first programme had a news story from twenty-five years ago and the last programme had a related story from last year.
In 1955 American and Russian scientists were planning the first space satellite, in 1979 Skylab returned to Earth. In 1955 there were nuclear tests in Nevada, in 1979 there was a nuclear accident at Three Mile Island. In 1955 Eisenhower met Krushchev at a summit in Geneva, in 1979 Carter and Brezhnev signed a treaty in Vienna. In 1955 Juan Peron was ousted, in 1979 the Shah of Iran was ousted. In 1955 Winston Churchill resigned, in 1979 Margaret Thatcher became prime minister.
Two of the last stories in the programme were the Iranian hostage crisis and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The latter led to the United States boycotting the 1980 Olympics which took place while 25 Years of Rock was being broadcast, and both event played against Jimmy Carter in the 1980 presidential election.
The programme plays out with Another Brick in the Wall (album version) and a creaky recording of Rock Around the Clock.
25 Years of Rock still stands up very well. My only criticism is the various records and events which were omitted, but then they did only have an hour to include what they did.
The series proved popular enough for Radio 1 to give it a repeat run in 1981, but then the programme was dated in as much as it now only went up to two years ago. However there was an updated version of the series a few years later ….